AIDS - A Basic Introduction
Aids or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is considered to be one of the most dreaded diseases ever faced by humanity.
AIDS as has been mentioned previously stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome where ‘Acquired' is for you can get infected by it and also can get it from someone while ‘Immune Deficiency' means a particular form of weakness in the human body system which has the function to fight diseases. ‘Syndrome' stands for a particular group of health related problems that constitute the disease.
AIDS happens due to a particular virus called HIV. HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In a normal situation when a human body is attacked by foreign objects, the body tries to fight them with the help of antibodies. People with the HIV virus in them are HIV positive while the ones devoid of it are HIV negative. There is something that has to be kept in mind as being HIV positive is not the same as being affected by the AIDS. The HIV disease eventually wears down every bit of the human immune system and thus you can easily get affected by any sort of foreign particles entering your body on a daily basis. In case your immune system isn't properly functioning or is not working as it should then the viruses, bacteria and parasites that didn't pose any serious threat previously become deadly.
There are a few ways by which one can get affected by this dreaded virus and "get" AIDS so to speak. This virus spreads from one person to the other and AIDS is a STD or a sexually transmitted disease. You can be affected by AIDS in case you have unprotected sex with an already infected person or even if you share the same needle for smacking with the infected person. It might just so happen that an infant born from an infected mother's womb also might acquire AIDS. A particular transfusion of the bad blood or the infected blood is also a way by which people do fall victim to this deadly disease.
In case we turn the pages a few decades back then it would be seen that during the mid-90s AIDS became the leading cause of human death. With the advent of technology there are several newer ways of treatment that have kind of decreased this death rate. It is a very alarming thing to note that a proper solution to AIDS is yet to be found and its still poses a great threat to mankind. The rate of AIDS is also specific in a few nations and the ones that are considered to be the third world show the largest number of AIDS victims. Poor education and lack of information are usually the two factors that catalyze the AIDS rate in such nations where a major percentage of people live below poverty lines. In order to prevent AIDS proper education as well as precaution is needed and the people should know what they are doing to curb it's spread.